Community Policing Act Data Collection
Compiled by Virginia Department of State Police Data Analysis & Reporting Team
Data consists of stops from Virginia law enforcement agencies from July 1, 2020 to December 31, 2022
(data received as of January 15, 2023)
Effective July 1, 2020, the Virginia Department of State Police, Uniform Crime Reporting Unit began the collection of investigatory stop data based on the creation of the Community Policing Act. Updates to the original legislation were made per Chapter 37 of the 2020 Special Session I. The following code section includes all data collected and additions to the Community Policing Act effective July 1, 2021. Data from July 1, 2020 through June 30, 2021 include only those persons stopped while driving. Data from July 1, 2021 and on will contain all persons subject to an investigatory (nonconsensual) stop.
§ 52-30.2. Prohibited Practices; Collection of Data
Each time a law-enforcement officer or State Police officer stops a driver of a motor vehicle, stops and frisks a person based on reasonable suspicion, or temporarily detains a person during any other investigatory stop, such officer shall collect the following data based on the officer's observation or information provided to the officer by the driver:
Data in red not collected until July 1, 2021.
(i) the race, ethnicity, age, gender of the person stopped, and whether the person stopped spoke English;
(ii) the reason for the stop;
(iii) the location of the stop;
(iv) whether a warning, written citation, or summons was issued or whether any person was arrested;
(v) if a warning, written citation, or summons was issued or an arrest was made, the warning provided, violation charged, or crime charged;
(vi) whether the vehicle or any person was searched; and
(vii) whether the law-enforcement officer or State Police officer used physical force against any person and whether any person used physical force against any officers.
Use the above options to filter all graphs and charts listed below. Filters are also available within each chart.
Initial Reason for Stop
Result of Stop
§ 52-30.1. Definition. For purposes of this chapter, unless the context requires a different meaning, "bias-based profiling" means actions of a law-enforcement officer that are based solely on the real or perceived race, ethnicity, age, gender, or any combination thereof, or other noncriminal characteristics of an individual, except when such characteristics are used in combination with other identifying factors in seeking to apprehend a suspect who matches a specific description.
Additional Stop Data
Physical Force Used by Officer
Physical Force Used by Subject
(Driver or Passenger)
(Specifically related to Driver)
The following data was collected per stop from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 and may not be directly related to the driver's demographic information. Persons searched reflects any person searched during the stop to included driver or passenger. Additional arrests reflects arrests of other persons, not including the driver.
In addition to demographic data, the highest charged statute code is collected, but not displayed. This data can be retrieved by downloading the source data.
(Data from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021- As of July 1, 2021 passengers are captured separately and not linked to driver data)
Top 20 Most Frequent Violations
The chart to the left shows the most frequent resulting specific violations cited. This is not all inclusive as only the most egregious violation is captured per stop.
Reporting & Analysis
Data is subject to review and updates will be made on a quarterly basis in order to address missing data, correct reporting errors, and post newly submitted data. As such, any analysis or conclusions would be subject to these changes. In addition to updates, other factors involving investigatory stop data such as population, population density, COVID-19 restrictions, and the presence or absence of major thoroughfares affect analysis of data. Agencies not available in the drop down selection have not submitted data or did not perform any qualifying stops for the reporting period.
The tables and graphic visualizations provided on this website only represent the current reported data. The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services is responsible for the analysis, validation, and interpretation of the data under the Code of Virginia § 9.1-192. For more information, please contact Mr. Joseph Boelsche, Criminal Justice Research Analyst, Department of Criminal Justice Services via email at Joseph.Boelsche@dcjs.virginia.gov.
To filter and/or download data, please select 'View Source Data' at the bottom of any chart, scroll to the bottom of the page and select 'View Data' under the 'Table Preview' section.
For questions regarding the collection of the data, please view the Virginia Department of State Police, Criminal Justice Information Systems, Data Analysis & Reporting Team (DART) website here: VSP CJIS DART or contact Ms. Keon Turner, DART Manager at Keon.Turner@vsp.virginia.gov or Ms. Angela Kepus, Community Policing Administrator at Angela.Kepus@vsp.virginia.gov.